Udham Singh – The Punjab Tiger
Born on December 26, 1899. His given name was Sher Singh, which was later renamed by the Central Khalsa Orphanage Putlighar in Amristar on 24 October 1907 when he and his brother were taken by that Orphanage after his parents passed away… The provided name was Udham Singh. Later on he changed his name to Ram Mohammad Singh Azad, symbolising the equality of all faith & of the three major religions of India: Hinduism, Islam and Sikhism.
Udham Singh was influenced by Bhagat Singh and his revolutionary group. He used to carry Bhagat Singh’s portrait when he was on visit to Kashmir.. He used to refer Bhagat Singh as his guru.. He loved to sing political songs, and was very fond of Ram Prasad Bismal, who was the leading poet of the revolutionaries.
Udham Singh was present in the Jallianvala Bagh on the fateful Baisakhi day, 13 April 1919, when a peaceful assembly of people was fired upon by General Reginald Edward Harry Dyer, killing over one thousand people. The event which Udham Singh used to recall with anger and sorrow, turned him to the path of revolution. On this day, General Dyer changed the course of Sardar Udham Singh life.
He was looking out for an opportunity to revenge for this tragedy and the moment was presented on March 13, 1940..
Udham Singh fired five to six shots from his pistol at Sir Michael O’Dwyer, who was governor of the Punjab when the Amritsar massacre had taken place. O’Dwyer was hit twice and fell to the ground dead and Lord Zetland, the Secretary of State for India, who was presiding over the meeting was injured. Udham Singh was overpowered with a smoking revolver. He in fact made no attempt to escape and continued saying that he had done his duty by his country.
On 1 April 1940, Udham Singh was formally charged with the murder of Sir Michael O’Dwyer. On 4 June 1940, he was committed to trial, at the Central Criminal Court, Old Bailey, before Justice Atkinson, who sentenced him to death. An appeal was filed on his behalf which was dismissed on 15 July 1940. On 31 July 1940, Udham Singh was hanged in Pentonville Prison in London.
He looked upon death as a BRIDE HE WAS GOING TO WED …
Udham Singh had made a request that his ashes be sent back to his country, but this was not allowed. In 1975, however, the Government of India, at the instance of the Punjab Government, finally succeeded in bringing his ashes home. Lakhs of people gathered on the occasion to pay homage to his memory.